Planning application

The planning application initiates the approval process for a construction project. It is submitted by the principal in writing and must be co-signed by the designer (usually the architect or engineer). The planning application is usually made to the municipality, which forwards the planning application to the building authority with a statement. In some German states the planning application is submitted directly to the building authorities.1
The required building documentation is enclosed with the planning application. This comprises all documents necessary for the processing and assessment of the project.2 These include drawings, calculations, descriptions, proof of stability, thermal insulation certificates, sound insulation certificates, etc.3 In most cases, these documents must have been signed by so-called authorised construction administrators. These are normally architects and engineers. However, people with a master’s certificate in the building trade are usually authorised to do this for smaller residential buildings, garages and other subordinate buildings.4
If the principal or applicant is not the owner of the land or leaseholder, corresponding proof is usually required to show that the principal is authorised to carry out the project. In addition, possible neighbours’ consent, which is required in some states, must also be submitted with the planning application.5
Upon receipt of the planning application, the building authority must examine the planning application within one week as part of a preliminary investigation. If the necessary building documentation was submitted incompletely or incorrectly, the authority must reject the planning application and grant the applicant an opportunity to comment. If the preliminary examination is positive, the building authority returns the application to the municipality. A building permit becomes legally binding on being assigned an affiliation endorsement.6
In addition to the authorities whose areas of responsibility are affected by the construction project, the municipalities, the higher administrative authority and the neighbours must be included in the building permit process. The decision on the planning application is made in the form of a so-called administrative act.7
  • 1 Vgl, Bönker, Christian (2009): Öffentliches Baurecht. In: Balensiefen, Gotthold; Bönker, Christian; Geiger, Norbert; Schaller, Wolfgang: Rechtshandbuch für die Immobilienpraxis. Erwerb, Entwicklung, Bestandshaltung, Vermarktung, München, S. 61.
  • 2 Vgl. Keilich, Christian; Schneider, Hans-Josef (2014): Bauordnungsrecht. In: Usinger, Wolfgang; Minuth, Klaus: Immobilien, Recht und Steuern. Handbuch für die Immobilienwirtschaft, 4. Aufl. Stuttgart, S. 1111-1112.
  • 3 Vgl. Danz, Hartmut (2007). Bauantrag. In: Sandner, Siegfried; Weber, Ulrich: Lexikon der Immobilienwertermittlung, 2. Aufl. Köln, S. 73.
  • 4 Vgl. Keilich, Christian; Schneider, Hans-Josef (2014): Bauordnungsrecht. In: Usinger, Wolfgang; Minuth, Klaus: Immobilien, Recht und Steuern. Handbuch für die Immobilienwirtschaft, 4. Aufl. Stuttgart, S. 1111-1112.
  • 5 Vgl. Danz, Hartmut (2007). Bauantrag. In: Sandner, Siegfried; Weber, Ulrich: Lexikon der Immobilienwertermittlung, 2. Aufl. Köln, S. 73.
  • 6 Vgl. Bönker, Christian (2009): Öffentliches Baurecht. In: Balensiefen, Gotthold; Bönker, Christian; Geiger, Norbert; Schaller, Wolfgang: Rechtshandbuch für die Immobilienpraxis. Erwerb, Entwicklung, Bestandshaltung, Vermarktung, München, S. 61.
  • 7 Vgl. Keilich, Christian; Schneider, Hans-Josef (2014): Bauordnungsrecht. In: Usinger, Wolfgang; Minuth, Klaus: Immobilien, Recht und Steuern. Handbuch für die Immobilienwirtschaft, 4. Aufl. Stuttgart, S. 1111-1112.
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Swiss Life Asset Managers
http://www.corpussireo.com/en/glossary/planning-application
: 11/12/2019