A parcel is a geometrically clearly defined part of the land’s surface. It is referred to precisely in the property registry with a parcel number. Parcels are the smallest unit in the property registry and are shown officially.
They are shown in the cadastral plan with the respective parcel number.1
A plot of land in the land register sense consists of one or more parcels. Thus, a parcel does not necessarily represent the demarcation of a plot of land. Conversely, however, a parcel cannot consist of several plots in the legal sense.
Parcels can be broken up by roads, paths and narrow waters. However, their local connection must be safeguarded.
Parcels must be stated with their special number in the land register. This is governed by section 2(2) of the German Land Register Ordinance. This regulates that plots must be referred to in land registers according to their official directory. The official directory is the property registry. This makes it possible to find the plots specified in the land register.2
A collection of various parcels is referred to as a corridor.3
The term “Flurstück”, meaning “parcel”, was introduced comprehensively in Germany in 1936. Prior to that, the term “Parzelle” was used in Anhalt, Bremen, Lübeck, Oldenburg, Prussia and Württemberg. Today the term “Parzelle” is still used in southern German states in particular. In common parlance, terms such as “parcelling” are used as a synonym for the formation of new parcels when dividing plots into smaller units.4